After 12 years of LASIK surgery being performed in the United States it has become one of the most popular and effective elective procedures done today. Millions of people have undergone this procedure since its FDA approval in 1995 and 98% of all LASIK patients have achieved legal driving vision or better without the assistance of glasses or contact lenses.
LASIK is an excellent option for individuals with nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. If you have been struggling with the hassles of contact lenses or glasses and wish for visual freedom, LASIK is worth further investigation. LASIK is surgery and should only be performed by a qualified professional surgeon. Our LASIK surgeons are committed to excellence in ophthalmology and only wish to provide our patients with the best patient care and the real facts about LASIK eye surgery. This is why we provide factual information from legitimate sources.
LASIK Eye Surgery – The Procedure
LASIK stands for Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis. It is a procedure that permanently changes the shape of your cornea. Once your candidacy for LASIK has been determined and you are eligible for surgery you will be scheduled for surgery. You will be given an informed consent sheet to review and sign based on the same information that you were given during your pre-operative consultation.
Before surgery, your eyes will be sterilized with eyelid scrubs and you will have a speculum positioned on top of your eye to prevent you from moving your eye lids. A thin flap of corneal tissue will then be moved back with a device known as a microkeratome. The flap is laid back while still attached to the cornea. The excimer laser treatment will then be applied to the inner layer of the cornea where the flap has been made. The excimer laser will be used to actually reshape the cornea. The amount of tissue to be removed is calculated based on the pre-operative determination of the power of your eye.
After the excimer laser treatment is completed the flap will be repositioned over the treated area for quick recovery. The surgeon will then use drops to assist with the healing process. The healing process on the surface layer begins almost immediately. Since only the edge around the corneal flap needs to heal, visual recovery is rapid and patients report little or no postoperative pain. Within days, collagen bonds form within the cornea around the edge of the flap developing a permanent seal.
The VISX Star Excimer Laser was initially approved March 27, 1996 under FDA PMA P930016 for limited indications for myopic correction of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Our surgeons use the STAR S4 IR from VISX which has been a leader in the development of lasers for laser vision correction since the beginning of PRK and LASIK eye surgery.Click here for more detailed information about the VISX STAR S4 IR Laser.
Frequently Asked Questions