10 Diseases That an Eye Exam Can Detect

They say your eyes are the windows to your soul, but did you know your eyes are also windows to the overall health of your body? Over the next ten months, we’ll be going into detail about ten diseases an exam can diagnose early and how exactly they are detected at our office.

Here is a preview of ten diseases that can be found at Fisher-Swale-Nicholson Eye Center:

1. Diabetes:
Our ophthalmologists can detect diabetes by looking at the blood vessels in the back of eyes to determine their health.

2. High Blood Pressure:
If the doctor notices blood vessels have crossed or compressed by looking in the back of the eye that could be a sign of high blood pressure.

3. Stroke:
There is no direct way to tell if a patient is going to have a stroke with an eye exam, but there are ways to detect symptoms that increase a patient’s chances.

4. Sickle Cell Disease:
Our ophthalmologists can determine if a patient has sickle cell disease with a dilated fundus exam.

5. Thyroid Disorders:
According to Harold Stein, Raymond Stein, and Melvin Freeman authors of “The Ophthalmic Assistant” an eye exam can determine if a patient has thyroid issues based on how much both eyes bulge from inflammation of the cells.

6. Cancer:
Several types of cancers can be detected by an eye exam. For example, ocular melanoma can be detected through a dilated examination of the eye with a combination of a bright light and a magnifying lens.

7. Arthritis:
There are several types of arthritis in the eye including Sjogren’s syndrome (dry eyes) that can be detected with an exam.

8. Multiple Sclerosis:
Our ophthalmologists can determine the health of the optic nerves by looking in the back of the eye with a dilated fundus exam.

9. High Cholesterol:
Our ophthalmologists can detect potential signs of high cholesterol just by looking at the colorization of the corneas.

10. Tumors:
It is possible to develop a tumor in and on the eye. Our ophthalmologists have the resources to detect them. It could be as simple as checking the response level of the pupil with a bright light.


We help you see your best, but we also want to help you feel your best. Make a comprehensive eye exam appointment today by calling 815-932-2020.

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