Farsightedness (Hyperopia)

Farsightedness

Farsightedness is a vision condition in which you can see distant objects clearly, but objects nearby may be blurry. Farsighted individuals typically develop problems reading up close before the age of 40.

The farsighted eye is usually slightly shorter than a normal eye and may have a flatter cornea. Thus, the light of distant objects focuses behind the retina unless the natural lens can compensate fully. Near objects require even greater focusing power to be seen clearly and therefore, blur more easily.

What causes farsightedness?

Farsightedness often runs in families, but lots of children who get it from their parents outgrow it. Children with mild to moderate farsightedness can see both close and far away without correction because the muscles and lenses in their eyes can squint very well and overcome the farsightedness.

What are the symptoms of farsightedness?

The main symptom of farsightedness is that you have trouble focusing on nearby objects. Other symptoms may include

  • Headaches
  • Eyestrain
  • Excess tearing
  • Problems with hand-eye coordination
  • Frequent blinking
  • Difficulty reading
  • Squinting
  • Eye fatigue

Are there any complications associated with hyperopia?

Most infants are born with a mild degree of farsightedness, but it goes away on its own as the eyes develop. In some children, however, hyperopia persists or is more severe. Children with a severe degree of hyperopia are at an increased risk of developing other eye conditions, particularly “lazy eye” (amblyopia) and eyes that do not look in the same direction (strabismus). These conditions can cause significant visual impairment.

What can happen if hyperopia is left untreated in children?

If hyperopia is left untreated, it can lead to poor motor and cognitive development in younger children. The potential impact of this learning-related vision problem can be prevented with early detection, such as vision screening and/or comprehensive eye exams. 

How is farsightedness diagnosed?

During your consultation, your eye doctor will conduct a comprehensive eye exam that includes testing for hyperopia using several procedures to measure how the eyes focus light and to determine the power of any optical lenses needed to correct the reduced vision.

From the results of your eye testing, your doctor will determine if you have hyperopia and if so, will discuss treatment options for vision correction. When you have hyperopia, your prescription for glasses or contact lenses will be a positive number. The more positive the number, the stronger your lenses will be. For example, 3.00 is stronger than 2.50.

What is the treatment for farsightedness?

Aside from prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses, there are several refractive surgery solutions available to correct nearly all levels of farsightedness. Some of these options include laser procedures, such as LASIK.  For patients who are highly farsighted or whose corneas are too thin for laser procedures, they may be able to have their hyperopia surgically corrected with Clear Lens Exchange (CLE).

Contact Us

If you have hyperopia, we have a variety of options to correct your vision problem. Contact Fischer-Swale-Nicholson Eye Center at (815) 932-2020 to schedule a consultation or you may request an appointment online.